What is Persistent Volume (PV) & Persistent Volume Claim (PVC) in Kubernetes?

06 Jun 2020 » kubernetes

Here, I am covering concepts of persistent volume (PV) & persistent volume claim (PVC). In the previous blog I have covered how to deploy PHPMyAdmin application in kubernetes. PHPMyAdmin application does not have a persistent storage. Hence If MySQL pod die due to some unexpected error for e.g. resource crunch then data stored in database will also get deleted as data by default stored in pod. Pods by default are stateless in nature. Hence to persist MySQL data PV & PVC is required.

Persistent Volume (PV)

Storage provisioned by administrator. Learn more here

Persistent Volume Clain (PVC)

Request for a storage by user. Learn more here




Step 1: Create NFS share


I have created NFS mount at /mnt/share location on VM with IP

Step 2: Create Persistent Volume (PV)

kubectl create -f db-pv.yaml

Step 3: Create Persistent Volume Claim (PVC)

kubectl create -f db-pvc.yaml

Step 4: List PV & PVC

kubectl get pvc
kubectl get pv

Step 5: Redeploy MySQL deployment

kubectl delete deployment db
kubectl create -f db-deployment.yaml

Here db-deployment.yaml is updated YAML with volume & volume mounts. Next watch pods.

kubectl get pods -n watch

Exit once db pod goes into running state.

Step 6: Go to mount directory and list files

cd /mnt/share
ls -ltr

Step 7: Browse PHPMyAdmin application and create database

Step 8: Delete pod

kubectl delete pod <MYSQL_DB_POD_NAME>

Step 9: Browse PHPMyAdmin application and verify database still exist